Advancements in Real-Time Measurement of LNG Composition

Representing nearly 1 / 4 of the worldwide vitality combine, natural gasoline performs an essential function in meeting worldwide energy wants. Throughout the natural fuel supply chain, fuel producers require correct real-time measurement of the composition of liquid pure gas (LNG) for in-process sampling or throughout transport for custody transfer.
LNG is comprised of methane with heavier components such as ethane, propane, butane, and trace components corresponding to sulfur compounds and aromatics. As such, knowledge on the composition and focus of the elements within the mixture can enable producers to extend course of understanding and efficiency, improve high quality, and establish the value of the product.
The AIO system works with a broad selection of contact probes appropriate for LNG applications.
The need for real-time measurement begins when natural gas is transformed into liquid form utilizing a number of compressor trains for liquefaction and purification. Rundown strains then switch LNG streams to storage tanks. By measuring the composition within the rundown, LNG producers better perceive the product that’s going into their tanks. This knowledge allows them to foretell how the LNG will age and better plan shipments by pipeline, practice, and rail.
Although there are established methods used for this sort of measurement, these systems typically require samples to be extracted for testing, with results delayed for twenty minutes or longer. As a end result, Raman spectroscopy is shortly gaining traction as an environment friendly, reliable, and economical different that can produce correct, real-time outcomes.
Since its discovery in the Nineteen Twenties, Raman spectroscopy has revolutionized process analysis with its nondestructive mode of operation and functionality to measure pattern composition. Raman spectroscopy is a laser-based optical analysis method used to measure compositions by way of the vibrational properties of molecules.
For many years, nonetheless, Raman equipment had the status for being expensive, cumbersome, and difficult to make use of. Now, developments within the stability and portability of solid-state Raman methods and technological improvements in lasers, optics, and detectors have made the technique sooner and extra accessible for real-time inline analysis.
As a result, Raman is now increasingly being used as a powerful measurement answer for LNG composition and concentration. When utilized to inline processes, Raman spectroscopy can provide ends in seconds.
“Raman in the analysis of LNG composition is an important improvement,” says Martin Mendez, lead analysis and development engineer at Analytical Solutions and Products B.V. (ASaP), an Amsterdam-based system integrator of LNG analysis and sampling measurement methods used all over the world. “The use of Raman spectroscopy for LNG evaluation is relatively new, and it has already confirmed to be a highly accurate, environment friendly, and usable compositional measurement device.”
The system can successfully face up to direct contact with the pattern even in extreme cold and hot environments, high strain, and harsh corrosive situations.
Samples are collected using a 785nm excitation laser and a contact BallProbe that produces a unique spectral fingerprint that identifies the chemical composition and molecular construction within the LNG. The distribution of the spectral peaks describes the molecule’s composition, whereas the sign depth correlates linearly with focus.
For easy-to-use commercial Raman spectroscopy instrumentation, ASaP works with Seattle-based MarqMetrix. Founded in 2012 by scientists from the University of Washington, the company focuses on compositional analysis utilizing Raman spectroscopy and has pioneered developments in Raman for use in the vitality sector.
MarqMetrix has engineered its all-in-one (AIO) system to supply similar and repeatable results from unit to unit, in a package eighty percent smaller than earlier Raman devices. Each gadget is nearly an exact copy so frequent mathematical fashions could be utilized throughout techniques to supply consistent outcomes. Previous Raman techniques have been much less reliable because every system required its own mathematical model and frequent recalibration for every installation.
The AIO system works with a broad array of contact probes appropriate for LNG functions. The company’s BallProbe is available in Hastelloy C-276—a nickel molybdenum-chromium superalloy to resist excessive bodily and chemical environments. The probe’s spherical sapphire lens can successfully stand up to direct contact with the sample even in extreme hot and cold environments -256 to 662 levels Fahrenheit (-160 to 350 degrees Celsius), excessive stress (> four hundred bar), and harsh corrosive situations.
“We work with MarqMetrix as a outcome of they’ve a high-quality Raman instrument,” says Mendez. “The company’s immersion optic probes, that are extensively used all through the industry, allow users to achieve reproducible measurements of samples better than 1 p.c accuracy.”
Each device is type of an exact copy so common mathematical fashions may be applied throughout techniques.
Another important benefit of Raman spectroscopy is not having to take fuel samples offline for measurement. Traditional methods like GC require an injection system to add a sample gasoline to a chromatography column that allows the components to separate, and a detector to sense when a element is existing the system. But first, the LNG must be transformed from liquid to gaseous state with out partial vaporization earlier than a reliable measurement can be made.
With a Raman system, no consumables are required for testing. “The contact probe is positioned immediately into the LNG without having to control the fuel, take if offline, or introduce a service gasoline,” explains Mendez. “With fewer steps concerned in measurement, the uncertainty is reduced therefore the measuring is way nearer to the truth.”
Raman’s direct measurement of LNG produces readings every few seconds as compared to every three to 5 minutes or longer for traditional strategies.
“You want the real-time information, each time possible,” provides Mendez. “When it involves a custody transfer, for instance, it is perfect to take many representative samples throughout the entire offloading process to a tanker or ship as attainable.”
MarqMetrix has engineered its all-in-one (AIO) system to produce similar and repeatable outcomes from unit to unit.
Although the MarqMetrix Raman gear can be used to identify the parts in LNG within approximately fifteen minutes of unboxing, quantifying the concentrations of every component first requires creating a predictive model.
To do this, ASaP establishes the accuracy of the Raman equipment at one of its three analytical testing amenities by comparing it against measurements produced by conventional GC tools, with LNG provided from a nearby filling station.
MarqMetrix’s BallProbe is on the market in Hastelloy C-276—a nickel molybdenum-chromium superalloy to resist extreme bodily and chemical environments.
“We make the most of licensed GC testing devices to supply a reference worth that we know might be as close to the precise worth as potential,” explains Mendez. “We then take a measurement utilizing the Raman equipment and examine the 2 (correlate the 2 measurements to build the model). The next step is to calibrate the Raman with a liquified major gas standard.”
“We take a number of samples of LNG at completely different part concentrations and with the help of multivariate analysis we can create our predictive model,” provides Mendez. “Once the model has been validated, ASaP purchasers not need to use GC and can use Raman solely for instantaneous readings of the LNG composition.
Accurate measurement is nowhere extra essential than ever in the LNG business. Understanding the chemical composition of uncooked supplies and the consistency of processed merchandise. With the developments made in making use of Raman spectroscopy techniques to pattern measurement, LNG producers have a sensible software for generating correct real-time compositional measurements for his or her in-process and in-transit LNG sampling needs.
“With ตัววัดแรงดัน of easy-to-use industrial instrumentation, the brink to work with Raman spectroscopy has now become approachable and workable for LNG applications,” says Mendez.
Marc Malone is vice president, enterprise operations and strategy for MarqMetrix. MarqMetrix works with a number of recognizable international and private sector brands across a large number of industries that include prescribed drugs, oil and gas, biotech, and meals and beverage For more info, call 206.971.3625 or visit

Scroll to Top