Donations – An Essential Guide, Part three

Donations may cause unintended strain
Donations of Emergency Services gear to the Global South come from every kind of sources and comprise a selection of brands of kit. Donating entities gather whatever they’ll and bundle goods into shipments that ideally match the wants of the recipient. But the somewhat haphazard donations course of can end up creating added pressure on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it is hard sufficient sustaining a standardized stock of equipment. But think about now having a mixture of equipment, every with barely completely different characteristics and attributes – gear, instruments and vehicles with completely different manuals in case you have them, completely different spare elements when you need them, specialist technical help if one means or the other you can get access to it locally, and often directions that aren’t within the local language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I even have seen donated gear arrive in recipient international locations that is clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also common is broken or incomplete tools; PPE that is torn, nonetheless soiled with blood, or without thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or inner shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the commonest of all, punctured hearth hose.
Donations typically include written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any guarantee, assure and duty for accident, harm or mechanical failure after delivery. But legal liability is hardly the most important concern of a recipient division trying to protect its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty circumstances should all the time be met by a donation to make sure it serves its meant objective.
Lastly, many donors anticipate the host nation or recipient department to cowl some costs – shipping, import duties and flights for volunteers providing training and attending the handover. And whereas there are เครื่องมือใช้วัดความดัน for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the a part of the recipient), these costs can be substantial for recipients who in plenty of circumstances can’t afford fundamental, new belongings. These costs put important pressure on the recipient departments and can lead to donations being stuck in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for somebody to pay taxes and costs to get the equipment ‘released’ for use.
Are we encouraging risk?
I have seen many kinds of tools that require regular, specialist care and statutory control that have arrived within the arms of abroad personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible standards anticipated in the country of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical safety suits, medical provides, radiation and gas-monitoring units, lines, lifejackets, vertical rescue equipment, etc. all cascade their method all the method down to countries where they are used and trusted by these with much less regulatory safety. Firefighters in the Global South are no much less courageous than their counterparts in richer countries. The gear they use should still be safe.
It concerns me – and I even have seen this in the area – that some sorts of sophisticated donated gear usually encourage firefighters to tackle emergencies that they don’t have any coaching or ability to handle. In many instances, they expose themselves to far higher danger, as they have neither the experience nor the coaching opportunities that Global North responders have.
Responders in rising markets don’t have the posh of calling the native energy or fuel company to isolate the supply to a property earlier than they enter. They may face stored home gas bottles, unauthorized electricity connections, unlawful building standards, and different hazards that make their operations especially precarious. But armed with their newly donated gear, they generally assume that they are higher protected to enter these dangers than before, when they had nothing.
Ask your self should you would honestly be okay with using donated equipment that has failed certification or passed its usable date in your personal every day emergencies, let alone under these circumstances?
Some donor businesses that send their personnel to provide short-term, primary training problem their very own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance is not the identical as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the international skilled is basically certified to show them a couple of specific piece of equipment. Unless certifications are endorsed or acknowledged by a genuine standards company in the host country and the instructors have present qualifications and legal authority to problem them outdoors their very own country, the practice is questionable.
In many ways, skilled steerage is much more essential than the donated tools itself. If we need to forestall donation-driven threat taking by Global South first responders, we have to not solely donate gear that is match for responsibility but also support our donations with qualified people on the ground, working hand in hand with the native personnel for an appropriate period of time to accurately guide and certify customers in operations and upkeep.
Donations should drive finances
Finally, donations do not routinely remedy the equipment and coaching void in rising markets, and in some instances, they’ll actually exacerbate the issue. Global South firefighters asking for overseas aid are doing so as a result of their native authorities either lack the mandatory funds or don’t see their needs as a precedence. But the truth is that in lots of nations’ governments, officers typically have little understanding of the business. They assume that donated used items are a handy resolution to a budget shortfall. A short-term repair perhaps. But in the lengthy run, the goal must be to encourage governments to handle the true short- and long-term needs of their Emergency Services personnel and really invest in the event of high quality Emergency Services for their countries. A fast fix could take the strain off temporarily, however the essential dialogue about long-term financing between departments and their governments must be occurring sooner, not later.
In the top, there is no shortcutting quality. Donations need to be quality gear, licensed for use and ideally, the place possible, the identical or related manufacturers as those getting used currently by recipients. Equipment needs to come with real training from practitioners with current expertise on the gear being obtained. Recipients must be trained so the model new tools could make them safer, not create additional danger. And donations should not finish a conversation about budget – they should be part of a dialog about higher requirements and better service that depends on a selection of new, recycled and donated tools that actually serves the ever-expanding wants of the global Emergency Services group.
Please maintain an eye fixed out for the fourth and final instalment of this text subsequent month, where I will illustrate components to consider when making a donation, in addition to recommendations to make sure profitable donations you can feel happy with.
Chris Gannon
Chris Gannon has spent 29 years in the business as a national Fire Chief, government advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has constructed a reputation as a pioneer in reviewing and improving Emergency Services around the globe. For extra info, please visit or
GESA (Global Emergency Services Action)
GESA is a world non-profit founded in 2020 by chief corporations in the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of corporations, consultants and practitioners working collectively to alter the future of the worldwide Emergency Services marketplace. We are presently creating our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based device that may join Global South departments with manufacturers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of sales and service. For more information, membership inquiries and extra, please contact

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