How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is amongst the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to those prehistoric days when somebody grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the ground. In the numerous millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most essential and widespread commercial enterprises, with operations unfold throughout the globe while tasked with recovering an almost inexhaustible listing of valuable commodities.
In truth, in accordance with the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise had been recovered in 2018, up from eleven.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and nearly double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. เกจวัดแรงดันแก๊สหุงต้ม accounted for fifty eight percent of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 %, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) were probably the most prolific producers, with their complete 51.1 percent of manufacturing more than the relaxation of the world combined.
This means that the mining trade is a strong one, with strong development anticipated to continue within the coming years in many areas of the world. It additionally signifies that mining operations will proceed to depend on pumping technologies that provide sturdy, dependable, and secure service in a selection of crucial liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why optimistic displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps can be your greatest option for many of those functions.
While mining might seem like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to access from above—there are, in fact, many complex and generally delicate operations that must be performed properly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest degree of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping expertise that may operate reliably in harsh and remote locations, even when submerged, or when tasked with handling particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and in addition one which is ready to be maintained and repaired in order that downtime is lessened. The pumps must even be mild sufficient to be manually moved from location to location inside the mine itself.
For a few years, a popular selection to be used in these conditions was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a place to create the excessive circulate charges which may be required, they have a selection of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an lack of ability to self-prime or run dry; special seals wanted to prevent leaks; particular linings needed to deal with solids; excessive motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and relatively excessive maintenance necessities and costs, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another popular alternative has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they have a number of operational shortcomings. These embrace an incapability to constantly deal with liquids with excessive ranges of abrasives, which leads to increased upkeep prices, wear on expensive stators and rotors that will ultimately need to be changed, and total greater purchase, working, and repair/replacement costs.
Here are a number of the particular liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways in which some pump technologies can fall short in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing extra produced water from the mine is a critical 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is usually full of particulates that may be as massive as zero.12 to zero.sixteen inches in size. If used in this application, centrifugal pumps require special materials of development, which may be value prohibitive, to protect in opposition to impeller put on caused by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run capable, which adversely affects their degree of performance in this software.
General service: For widespread liquid-handling functions, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip strains, operate at low speeds while nonetheless delivering high circulate rates, and be straightforward to take care of and repair. Centrifugal pumps simply don’t possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted components of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This sometimes demands a need to make use of special mechanical seals, which might result in exorbitant upkeep, repair, and replacement costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to clean the liquids which may be produced in the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall brief in this utility because the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals unless particular, more expensive supplies of construction or linings are used. Also, the nature of press-filter operation creates a robust discharge-pressure variation that can pressure the centrifugal pump to operate away from its finest effectivity level (BEP), resulting in excessive vibration and radial masses that can result in shortened service life. A solution to this is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are expensive and may negatively have an effect on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product switch: This comes in all varieties in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, recent and fouled water, and any chemical compounds which might be required. In each occasion, there might be the risk that the pump shall be forced to run dry as the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation can even generate excessive vibration and radial hundreds. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can not run dry, in order that they want protection from this situation or the addition of special seals. However, all of those upgrades still cannot completely defend towards a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the most effective solution in many liquid-handling functions in mining, one pump know-how that has confirmed to be an optimum choice is AODD—in phrases of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and security for mining personnel and the surroundings.
AODD pumps are in a place to perform successfully in mining purposes because their method of operation permits them to easily handle variable move rates and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble enough to transfer liquids which are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, as properly as slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
The simple design of the AODD pump options few shifting components and comparably decrease speeds than other pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, whereas the pump’s seal-less building leads to fewer leaks, which is a important consideration when dealing with the many hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps can be found in both metal (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and solid iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a wide array of elastomers can be used in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility concerns.
A broad number of AODD pump configurations provide operational flexibility that can additionally lead to optimized efficiency at many levels. The ability to characteristic AODD pumps in a variety of functions, from basic general use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can be less costly to operate, particularly those fashions that are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most simple, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh operating situations discovered within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents along with corresponding downtime and restore costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping precept sixty-five years ago, has been devoted to developing technologies that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden provides three AODD pump models which would possibly be built to excel in mining functions, obtainable in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar materials of development:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which feature a bolted configuration, have been built for use in purposes that require the handling of liquids featuring giant solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge flow orientation and flap valves that permit the passage of large solids with no threat that damage will occur as a end result of product entrapment or the settling of solids within the pump’s inner circulate paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to scale back air consumption by up to 60 percent. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate range for the four Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures up to one hundred twenty five psi with solids-handling functionality starting from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps feature a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design options large inner clearances and flow-through paths for simple passage of enormous solids with no probability for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting additional permits solids passage, whereas a polyurethane display base at the inlet increases the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most robust ADS design for the toughest environments. Flow rates amongst the six fashions vary from 57 gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to a hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that might be dealt with vary from 1/2 to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps characteristic clamped or bolted configuration. Their design options totally different chamber materials, together with metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of handling high ranges of abrasive materials. The Pro-Flo SHIFT is also the most environment friendly AODD pump in the market, capable of lowering as much as 60 percent air consumption. This makes it the greatest choice for dealing with corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to 3 inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are capable of be outfitted with a big selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a varying array of supplies, corresponding to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range provides customers the widest selection of diaphragms on the market, all of that are capable of offering extended mean time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with lowered upkeep, restore, and replacement costs.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the best choice for the aforementioned frequent liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, basic service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and every day product switch.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the best option for mining functions because they provide appreciable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, along with elevated operational safety and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that can be incurred by pumps that are not designed to deal with abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps additionally outperform other AODD applied sciences in different important methods: easy design with the lowest variety of elements for faster, less complicated, and safer repairs and the lowest variety of spare parts to stock; current improvements in materials of construction that enhance the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency via the use of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which in the end ends in quicker product transfer with lower air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate via the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, both of which improve service life and security whereas not compromising the dealing with of difficult liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a quantity one manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He can be reached at Wilden is a product model of PSG®, a Dover company. PSG is comprised of several leading pump companies, including Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra info, go to or

Scroll to Top